Symptoms of liver cirrhosis
Cirrhosis of the liver
Cirrhosis – a progressive disease of the liver, bearing chronic and characterized by connective tissue replacement of normal liver cells. Cirrhosis of the liver can occur as a result of a number of remote disease of the liver, such as cholestasis, hepatitis and others.
Cirrhosis is nothing but a late stage of various inflammatory diseases of the liver (as in the case of hepatitis B) and a number of other organs (such as heart, liver cirrhosis as a result of heart failure).
The liver cells are damaged and inflamed, resulting in the death of them. At the site where the damaged cells forming connective tissue. It is surrounded by preserved liver cells to perform their functions but are not able to. Cells that were damaged, heavily divided, resulting plots appear normal liver surrounded by connective tissue. There is a violation of the structure of the liver, and its function is not fully implemented. The consequence of the loss of function of the liver is liver failure.
What causes cirrhosis?
Most (approximately 80%) of cases of cirrhosis cause two reasons:
viral hepatitis (mainly, hepatitis C and B),
In general, you can list a number of reasons that influence the development of cirrhosis:
- alcoholic liver disease (eg, alcoholic hepatitis)
- viral liver diseases chronic and acute nature: hepatitis B, C and D,
- parasitic liver disease: hydatid disease and so on.,
- liver disease due to medication: drug-induced hepatitis,
- biliary disease (it is a cholestatic hepatitis)
- autoimmune diseases of the liver: primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis,
- metabolic wearing innate: the metabolism of fats in the body, galactosemia, and so on.,
- diseases of other organs: portal vein thrombosis, heart failure, etc.
Signs and symptoms of liver cirrhosis
Cirrhosis of the liver very slowly. At first, the symptoms may not be expressed. Over time, symptoms may appear as:
- weight reduction on the background loss of appetite,
- weakness, fatigue, drowsiness, drop in performance,
- redness of palms: as a result of increased blood flow to the skin of the palms,
- jaundice – yellowing of the sclera eyes, body skin, oral mucosa,
- itching, in many cases, intolerable, increased itching celebrated at night,
- bleeding tendency: often bruise; if the patient was injured, the blood for a long time can not be stopped,
- spider veins – the appearance of the skin sections translucent vessels that resemble a star or spider legs; if they push, they pale, but after pressure again filled with blood.
Syndrome of portal hypertension – one of the main symptoms of cirrhosis. The appearance of it is associated with increased pressure in the portal vein, which brings blood to the liver from the abdominal cavity (gate Vienna). When the pressure in the portal vein is increased, blood is unable to flow away from the abdominal cavity, as a result of it they stagnate.