Swimming for health
Swimming activity is known to a human since ancient times. The history of swimming goes back centuries. In one of the museums of Turin, for example, stored bas-relief depicting a man swimming. Movement swimmer captured the ancient Egyptian sculptor’s chisel, as two drops of water similar to the elements of modern breaststroke. And the age of this historic relic is estimated at 3000 years!
- Since its introduction in the world people have always been associated with water. It was in the valleys of large rivers – the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, Huang Ho and Yangtze, Ganges and Indus – born human civilization. The water was of great importance in the life of primitive people that caused the deification of the elements that inspire even the weak in the struggle with the nature of human feeling of admiration and fear. The cult of water existed in almost all the peoples since ancient times. One of the main Olympic gods, the ruler of the seas of the ancient Greeks was Poseidon; much later (III c. BC), the ancient Romans, he became identified with Neptune.
The great importance of water in human life required to adapt to this unusual environment. After all, first came to the water, the man drowned. Therefore, swimming – a vital skill that is associated with the development in the aquatic environment and the ability to move around in it. The ability to swim sometimes becomes crucial in times of war – especially during naval battles.
- Submission of the application of navigation in ancient times for military purposes gives relief in the tomb of Ramses II. It shows Egyptian soldiers crossing the river Orontes. One of the soldiers floating manner similar to crawl, and another – performed simultaneously stroke both hands; Many help their soldiers, apparently wounded comrades to cross the river and climb to the shore, where the victims turn over upside down to remove the water from getting inside.
- Egyptians are widely used in swimming and everyday life. This can be judged on artistic executed toilet boxes and spoons. Special learning to swim in the Nile was the privilege of the nobility, compulsory for children of the Pharaohs. On the tomb of the ruler of the web, who lived in ancient Egypt for 2,5 thousand years BC .. the inscription: “He gave me swimming lessons with the royal children.”
- In ancient Greece, also valued the ability to swim. However, swimming is not included in the program of the ancient Olympic Games. However, with 1300t. BC, during the Isthmian games and the annual festivities in honor of Hermione in the sea lord Poseidon competed in swimming and playing.
- Pausanias and Herodotus described the feat Stsillisa diver, drowned in 470 BC Persian navy. In a storm, he swam to the enemy ships and cut their cables, resulting in court broke on the coastal cliffs. Looking back, Stsillis swam about 5 km, often diving to avoid catching the eye of the enemy. For the Greeks it gave him a statue at Delphi. Tradition says that in doing so he acted with her daughter in Hindi, which felt so free in the water, which was nicknamed the Beloved god of the seas.
The fact that the ancient Greeks attached great importance to the ability to swim, and shows the famous dictum of Plato: “Can people who are the opposite of the wise, swim and do not know how to read, to entrust the service?” In Athens, a man who can not swim, it was considered flawed. Extreme human barbarism expressed saying, “He does not know how to swim.”
- The ability to swim and paid tribute to the ancient Romans. Legendary general Julius Caesar, Pompey, Mark Antony, Augustus not only the swimmers were canceled, but to learn to swim skillfully and his legionaries. And Gaius Julius Caesar with a truly imperial scale arranged in Rome grandiose “sea battle”, which involved thousands of soldiers who demonstrated boarding combat, the ability to swim and dive in the water to conduct combat, attacking ships to cross in full armor. Roman troops were on ships specially trained teams of swimmers who are obliged to repair the underwater part of ships and offshore exploration.
- Swimming with water dances to the music included in the program of tremendous aquatic extravaganza, held annually in Rome. At the beginning of our era when the baths (baths) began to construct swimming pools with heated water. The most famous pools in the Baths of Caracalla (56×23 m) and Diokletianskih therms (100×50 m). The ruins of the term, is also sports, cultural and entertainers institutions survived. Enlightened by the Romans to learn to swim and children.
- Even at the dawn of civilization, people knew about the healing properties of water. All religions prescribe the need to “cleanse the body” and ablution. The word “hygiene” of Greek origin and means – “healthy”. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome, the cult of hygiene – the goddess of health. “The Romans otvseh disease treated with water, and for six centuries they had no doctors,” – so says the writer Pliny the time. Bathe daily several times was the custom.